Find all the answers to the weekly Reading Guide and Review Questions in the back of your workbook   here!

Following are answers to the fill-in-the-blank questions asked in the Review Sheet at the back in the Student Workbook

 

Catechism Nos. 1691-1729

The BEATITUDES reveal the goal of human existence.

What is Aristotle's definition of happiness? THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF THE  HIGHEST HUMAN POWERS OVER A LIFETIME.

The Beatitudes depict the countenance of JESUS.

 

Catechism Nos. 1730-1761

What makes man responsible for his acts? FREEDOM

T or F.   F    Because we are free, every act we perform is imputable to us.

Name the three sources of the morality of human acts: OBJECT, INTENTION, AND CIRCUMSTANCES.

Tor F:    F    If an action is good in itself, your intention can't make it evil.

 

Catechism Nos. 1762- 1802 (and from the class lecture)

The concupiscible appetites are called the ORDINARY  emotions.

The irascible appetites are called the   EMERGENCY emotions.

List the concupiscible emotions that naturally arise in response to a good or evil;

good as such LOVE        evil as such HATRED

good prsent JOY            evil presents SADNESS

good absent DESIRE     evil absent AVERSION

List the irascible emotions that spur us to action to achieve a good or overcome an evil:

good present (none)                           Present evil ANGER.

absent attainable good HOPE.             conquerable threat COURAGE

absent unattainable good DESPAIR     unconquerable threat FEAR

What does the word 'conscience" mean, according to its Latin root words?  WITH KNOWLEDGE

Give the three statements that we used in class to explain a simple judgment of conscience

about a particular act of murder.

DON'T MURDER (major)

THIS ACT IS MURDER (minor)

DON'T COMMIT THIS ACT (conclusion)

What is the first principle of the practical reason? DO GOOD, AVOID EVIL.

What is the Greek word that is used for this immediate moral sense? SYNDERESIS

 

Catechism Nos. 1803-1845

PRUDENCE disposes the practical reason to discern, in every circumstances our true good and to choose the right means for achieving it.

TEMPERANCE moderates the attraction of the pleasures of the senses and provides balance in the use of created goods.

JUSTICE consists in the firm and constant will to give God and neighbor their due.

FORTITUDE  ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy in the pursuit of the good.

What do we call that class of virtues which "have the One and Triune God for their origin, motive and objects?  THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES

What virtue is the  "form of the virtues"?   Charity

Correlate the following:

Human Power                                           Cardinal Virtues

Intellect                                                      Prudence

Will                                                             Justice

Concupiscible                                              Temperance

Irascible                                                       Fortitude

 

THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES           HUMAN POWERS      HUMAN POWERS                                             

                                                 (ST THOMAS)           (ST AUGUSTINE)

_______________________________________________________

FAITH                                         INTELLECT                  INTELLECT

HOPE                                             WILL                         MEMORY

CHARITY                                         WILL                         WILL

 

Catechism Nos. 1846-1876

What are the three conditions for the performance of a mortal sin?

  GRAVE MATTER, FULL KNOWLEDGE, FULL CONSENT

Name the seven deadly or captial sins using the acronym "pale gas."                                              PRIDE   ANGER   LUST   ENVY   GLUTTONY   AVARICE   SLOTH

 

Catechism Nos. 1877-1927

Briefly define "subsidiarity":   HIGHER ORDER COMMUNITY SHOULDN'T ACT FOR THE LOWER IF IT CAN ACT ON ITS OWN.

 

Catechism Nos.  1928-1986 (and class lecture)

Define "law" as we did in class:   ORDINANCE OF REASON FOR THEE COMMOM GOOD PROMULGATED BY THE ONE IN CHARGE OF THE COMMUNITY.

What  is the natural law?  PARTICIPATION IN THE ETERNAL LAW BY A CREATURE OF A RATIONAL NATURE.

Fill in the norms of morality (from the lecture).  Fill in the box below and then the blanks.

CONSCIENCE                HUMAN NATURE

HAPPINESS                    GOD

the proximate subjective norm: CONSCIENCE

the untimate subjective norm;  HAPPINESS

the proximate objective norm:  HUMAN NATURE

the untimate objective norm:   GOD

Catechism Nos: 1987-2029

Merit is to be ascrived in the first place to   GRACE  and secondly to  OUR WORK.

T OR F    T     No one can merit the initial grace which is at the origin of conversion.

What is defined as "a participation in the life of God?  GRACE

What kind of grace is received at Baptism?   SANCTIFYING

Name one other kind of grace ACTUAL, SACRAMENTAL, ETC

What kind o merit is ascribed to the receptin of sanctifying grace?   DE CONGRUO

By what kind of merit do the blessed in heaven merit that blessing?  DE CONDIGNO 

 

Catechism Nos.  2030-2082

To what relationship do the first three commandments refer?  LOVE OF GOD

To what relationship do the last seven commandments refer?  LOVE OF NEIGHBOR

Catechism Nos. 2142-2195

Name two sins hat can be committed afainst the Second Commndment:  BLASPHEMY AND PERJURY

To what is the Catechism referring in the following quote?  "It is a ... protest against servitude of work and the worship of money?"  SABBATH     

The Lord's Day is both the 1st day and the 8th day.

What is the foremost holy day of boligaion in the universal church?  SUNDAY

From what sort of work is one supposed to rest on Sunday?  SERVILE (ONE WORD)

Catechism Nos: 2196-2257

Which Commandment has a promise attached to it?  4th (LIVE LONG IN THE LAND).

How are the two tablets of the Commandments traditionally divided? 

 Which are on the first tablet?  1-3      Which on the second?   4-10 (Numbers only)

How do the two tablets correlate to the great commandment of Jesus?  

           1- 3 LOVE OF GOD  and     4-10 LOVE OF NEIGHBOR

T or F    F   The Command to Honor Parents refers only to parents.

The family is called a NATURAL society.

Apply the principles of subsidiarity to the family in its relation to the state.  THE STATE SHOULD LEAVE PARENTS TO RAISE THEIR CHILDREN IN THOSE AREAS WHERE THEY CAN AND ONLY AID THEM AT THE PARENT'S REQUEST.

T OR F     T     In Christianity, family ties are not absolute.

Catechism Nos  2258-2301

T OR F     F     Althought the Old Testament considered blood a sacred sign of life, from the New Testament period on Christians don't consider this teaching necessary.

Human Life is sacred because from its beginning it involves the creative action of God and it remains for ever in a special relationship with the creator, who is its sole end."

T OR F      Because we are commanded "You shall not kill" , self defense to the point of using  mortal force is morally unacceptable?

T OR F      Legitimate defense can be not only a right but a duty.

T OR F    F   Prenatal diagonsis of a fetus is mortally neutral whether or not it is done for  the purpose of determining whether to abort the fetus or not, because it is an act separate from that determination.

T OR F    T  Suicide is an offense against self s well as one's neighbor.

SCANDAL  is an attitude or behavior which leads another to do evil.

 

Catechism Nos.  2302-2330

Define anger:   A DESIRE FOR REVENGE

T OR F      In the case of total war, one may morally use deadly force against civilian populations.

T OR F    F   The Church is in principle opposed to any sore of gun control. 

 

Catechism Nos.   2331-2359

T OR F     Every person has a vocation to chastity.

What do we call the unity of powers iwthin the person?  INTEGRITY

Under what cardinal virute does chastity fall?   TEMPERANCE

According to the Church's tradition,  "homosexual acts are INTRINSICALLY DISORDERD"

 

Catechism Nos.  2360-2400

What is the twofold end of marriage?  FIDELITY AND FECUNDITY.

Sexuality is ordered to what?  MARRIAGE

T OR F    T  Under some circumstances, civildivorce can be tolerated and does not constitute a moral offense.

T OR F    Married couples have a right a child that the state many not infringe.

T OR F      Because of the example of the Patriarchs (Abraham,Issac, and Jacob etc)  the Church allows men who have converted from cultures which allow polygamy to retain their wives.

 

Catechism 2401-2463

The Church's understanding and evaluation of the 7th Commandment involves two basic principles. there are UNIVERSAL DESTINATION OF GOODS AND THE RIGHT TO PRIVATE PROPERTY.

Commutative justice regulates exchanges between  INDIVIDUALS.

What is the principle task of the state?  TO SECURE FREEDOM, PROPERTY, CURRENCY AND PUBLIC SAFETY.

Theft is "usurping another's property against HIS REASONABLE WILL.

 

Catechism Nos.  2464-2513

The virtue of truth keeps to the just mean between HONESTY AND DISCRETION (if you can't remember the words, the concepts will do.)

What makes pergury distinct or different than false witness?  THE OATH TAKEN.

What does the Catechism call a false remark that harms the reputuation of another?  CALUMNY

What is a true statement that harms the reputation of another?  DETRACTION

Finish the following statement:   to ie is to speak or act agasint the truth in order to lead into error someone  WHO HAS  A RIGHT TO KNOW.

 

Catechism  Nos.  2514-2533

List the three kinds of covetousness distinquished by St John in his first letter OF THE FLESH, OF THE EYES, AND THE PRIDE OF LIFE.

 According to St. Bonaventure, what vice must be overcome to gain purity of heart?  GLUTTONY

T OR F   T  The Cateshism enjoins us to  resist the allurements of fashion.

Using a shorhand answer drawn from the traditional catechetical formula (between Nos. 2051 2052) give the Ten Commandments.

1st:  I AM THE LORD GOD, YOU SHALL NOT HAVE STRANGE GODS BEFORE ME.

2nd:  YOU SHALL NOT TAKE THE NAME OF THE LORD YOUR GOD IN VAIN.

3rd: REMEMBER TO KEEP HOLY THE LORD'S DAY.

4th:  HONOR YOUR FATHER AND YOUR MOTHER.

5th:  YOU SHALL NOT KILL.

6th:  YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY.

7th:  YOU SHALL NOT STEAL.

8th:  YOU SHALL NOT BEAR FALSE WITNESS AGAINST YOUR NEIGHBOR.

9th:  YOU SHALL NOT COVET YOUR NEIGHBORS WIFE.

10th:  YOU SHALL NOT COVET YOUR NEIGHBORS GOODS.